Newsletter No. 290

第二九零期 二零零七年一月四日 No. 290 4 January 2007 1 第二九零期 二零零七年一月四日 No. 290 4 January 2007 大 学上月邀请两位英美著名学者莅校访问,并主持 公开讲座。讲题分别为医学研究人员如何提供资 讯和中国的政经发展。 伟伦讲座 英国考科蓝中心创立人 Iain Chalmers 爵士以伟伦访问教 授身分,于十二月八日在威尔斯亲王医院公共卫生学院 大楼逸夫讲学堂主讲「医学研究人员怎样才能为病人与 临床医生有效提供所需资讯?」 Iain Chalmers 爵士是循证医学的推动者,亦是 James Lind Initiative 的负责人,该运动旨在促进公众及专业 人士认识治疗方案必须被恰当证明有明显效用,并就 此进行研究。他亦是治疗方案系统测试网上资讯站 The James Lind Library( www.jameslindlibrary.org ) 的主编。 Chalmers 爵士一九九二年于英国创立世界第一个考科蓝 中心,现已发展为全球性的非盈利学术组织—考科蓝协 作网。 Chalmers 爵士指出,对病人及临床医生来说,医疗措施 的成效是最重要,但医学研究人员郄没有针对这问题进 行足够的研究,致令医学研究和病人与临床医生需要的 错配。研究人员在开展新研究计划前,往往没有系统评 价以往的研究;又不会发表他们不满意的研究结果;发 表新研究结果时亦不会同时指出这项研究如何可与其他 相关研究结果对某个特定问题有所贡献。面对这样的情 况,病人与临床医生又怎能信赖医学研究人员会为他们 提供所需的可靠、相关及有用资讯? 中国经济与民主发展 美国史丹福大学胡佛研究所资深研究学者 Henry Rowen 教授于十二月四日在利黄瑶璧楼一号演讲厅主持讲座, 谈中国经济发展与民主进程的关系。 Rowen 教授指出中国法治制度、传媒运作和乡村选举 均出现重要转变,而要回应这些转变,应在制度上作改 动,步向民主。他解释,经济改革增加人口流动,农村 人口可以到城市工作,地方领导由选举产生,而人民 也更多机会在法律程序中有律师代表,加上讯息日渐流 通,中国会有制度上的转变。 他认为中国的经济发展虽面对阻碍,仍可保持高增长, 但会逐步放缓。随着中国教育水平提升及经济发展,人 民收入增加,预计中国民主还会发展。他预测,中国到 二零二五年时将会实现民主。 Rowen 教授是国际安全、经济发展和亚洲政治经济专 家,一九四九年麻省理工工业管理毕业,一九五五年获 牛津大学颁授经济学硕士学位。一九八一至八三年出任 美国国家情报委员会主席,在一九八九至一九九一年任 美国国防部国际安全事务助理部长。他亦曾任美国智库 RAND Corporation 总裁及美国预算局助理局长。 二零零四至零五年,Rowen 教授获委任为美国总统关注 大杀伤力武器情报委员会成员。Rowen 教授目前致力于 研究全球创新与企业家精神的中心、发展中国家经济增 长的前景,以及亚洲的政治和经济变化。 Medical Expert Calls for More Attention to Research Needs of Patients and Clinicians Sir Iain Chalmers, a strong advocate of evidence- based medicine and coordinator of the James Lind Initiative, which promotes public and professional acknowledgement of uncertainties about the effects of treatments and research to address them, presented a Wei Lun Lecture entitled ‘How Can the Research Community Serve the Information Needs of Patients and Clinicians More Effectively?’ on 8 December 2006 at the School of Public Health Building, Prince of Wales Hospital. Sir Iain edits The James Lind Library, a web-based resource containing material about fair tests of medical treatments. He was director of the UK Cochrane Centre between 1992 and 2002. In his lecture, Sir Iain explained the research community has inadequately addressed questions about the effects of treatments patients and clinicians think are important, so there is a mismatch between what patients and clinicians want to be researched and what research actually gets done. In addition, researchers often fail to assess systematically what is already known before embarking on new research, fail to publish research results they do not like, and fail to report the results of new research in ways that make clear what the new study has contributed to the sum total of relevant research addressing a particular question. US Defence Specialist on Political Consequences of China’s Economic Development Prof. Henry S. Rowen, senior fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, delivered a lecture entitled ‘The Inevitable Political Consequences of the Economic Development of China’ on 4 December at the University. Prof. Rowenwas theAssistant Secretary of Defence for International Security Affairs in the US Department of Defence from 1989 to 1991. He was chairman of the National Intelligence Council from 1981 to 1983, served as president of the RAND Corporation from 1968 to 1972. From 2004–05, he was a member of the Presidential Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction. He is currently doing research on regions of innovation and entrepreneurship in Greater China and on economic and political topics in Asia. In his lecture, Prof. Rowen discussed the connection between development and democracy and how development leads to freedoms in China. He believes that the Chinese economy, despite obstacles, is likely to stay on a high but gradually declining growth path. By 2015, China should edge into the ‘partly free’ group of countries and be in the ‘free group’ by 2025. He believes the prospect for peace is good, including for reconciliation between Taiwan and the mainland, but cautioned against the arousal of strong nationalist sentiments. 其他消息 Other News Items 以下消息详情,请上网阅览: Details of the following news items are available at www.cuhk.edu.hk/iso/newslter/ ■ 中大再有四位教授获 IEEE 院士衔 数目为本地大 学之冠 CUHK Continues to Top Ranking as Four More Professors Are Named IEEE Fellow ■ 中大吕荣聪教授获美国科学促进学会推选为院士 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Honours CUHK Scientist ■ 中大会计学生学界比赛夺魁 CUHK Accounting Students Win Retirement Plan Competition ■ 中大计量金融学学生大学投资分析比赛称王 CUHK Quantitative Finance Team Win University Investment Research Competition ■ 新亚书院佛山市老年干部大学晚霞风采书画展 ■ 中大与国家语委续签普通话水平测试合作协议 ■ 第六届网路和无线地理资讯系统国际研讨会 ■ 基督教研究中心揭幕典礼暨专题研讨 英美学者主持医学及政经讲座 Medical and Political Lectures Sir Iain Chalmers Prof. Henry S. Rowen

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