Newsletter No. 294

第二九四期 二零零七年三月十九日 No. 294 19 March 2007 1 第二九四期 二零零七年三月十九日 No. 294 19 March 2007 诺贝尔经济奖得主阐释新经济演化论 Nobel Laureate Douglass C. North Lectures at CUHK 一 九九三年诺贝尔经济学奖得奖人道格拉斯.诺 斯教授本月一日莅临中大主讲「原始政体」。 诺斯教授在讲座中介绍一套崭新的经济演化理论,指 出人类为追求各种目的而建构的社会组织,在历史长 河中不断涌现,而由社会、政治和经济精英所组建的 原始政体亦是历史进程中衍生的产物。诺斯教授并解 释了原始政体为何出现,从原始政体演变为开放社会 的过程又为何如此艰巨。 出席讲座者包括政府财经官员、本港大学经济学者、 中大师生校友、中学教师及学生。中大更特别安排网 上直播,供中港两地未能出席者收看。 诺斯教授一九四二年在柏克莱加州大学毕业,取得政 治科学、哲学及经济 学的文学士学位, 一九五二年再获 该校的经济学博 士学位。诺斯教 授于西雅图华盛 饶宗颐教授九秩华诞祝寿晚宴 大 学于一月二十六日为伟伦讲座教授饶宗颐教授举行九秩华诞祝寿 晚宴。 晚宴出席者众,百多名中大友好、大学及书院校董和校友、饶教授 的友好和学生,以及潮州同乡,济济一堂为饶公祝寿。晚宴上 中大校董会主席郑维健博士向饶公致送刻有一代草圣于右任 先生所书的「龙马精神寿且康」墨砚。刘遵义校长在晚 宴上表示:「饶教授学贯中西,博古通今,是驰誉中外 的大学问家,同时不单是香港人,更是中国人心目中推 崇备至的『国宝』,我们都尊称他为『饶公』。」 饶教授是一代艺术宗师,诗、琴、书、画、无不精绝, 与中大结缘三十多年,自一九七三年开始,已在中文系 作育英才;荣休后,继续在中国文化研究所和艺术系从 事研究和创作。他是中文大学的伟伦荣誉艺术讲座教授 和中国语言及文学荣休讲座教授。 饶宗颐教授及何文汇教授讲辞见后页。 顿大学的经济学系执教三十三年,并连续五年担任经济 研究所所长。一九八三年,诺斯教授加入圣路易斯的 华盛顿大学,现任圣路易斯华盛顿大学首任 Spencer T. Olin 文学及科学讲座教授,以及胡佛研究所的 Bartlett Burnap 高级研究员。 诺斯教授的研究兴趣遍及产权、交易成本、历史上的经 济组织、政体论、搭便车等问题,并集中研究政治和经 济制度的形成,以及这些制度对经济表现的长远影响, 研究结果由剑桥大学出版社出版成书,题为《制度、制 度的变革与经济表现》。 诺斯教授五十多年来,一直思考由一个简单问题引申出 来的复杂变化:为什么某些国家会渐趋发达,另一些国 家则依然贫困如昔?诺斯教授近年更开始应用认知及行 为科学的理论去分析理解经济随时间流逝的演变。 T he University invited Prof. Douglass C. North, 1993 Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences to deliver a lecture entitled ‘The Natural State’ on 1 March. In his lecture, Prof. North provided a whole new approach to understanding the process of economic change. The natural state is a complex construct of independent political, economic, and social elites that tend to evolve automatically as humans create societal organizations throughout history. The lecture’s focus was why the natural state is natural and why it is so difficult to transform to an ‘open access’ society. In attendence were government officials, scholars of local universities, CUHK staff and students, as well as secondary school teachers and students. The lecture was broadcast live on the CUHKwebsite for the benefit of viewers in Hong Kong and Mainland China. Prof. Douglass C. North obtained a triple BA degree in Political Science, Philosophy, and Economics in 1942, and a Ph.D. degree in Economics in 1952 from UC Berkeley. He began his academic career at the University of Washington in Seattle where he spent 33 years as a member of the Economics faculty, including five years as director of the Institute for Economic Research. Currently he is the Bartlett Burnap Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. Prof. North joined the faculty of Washington University in St. Louis in 1983, and was installed as the first Spencer T. Olin Professor in Arts and Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis in October 1996. His research interests have included property rights, transaction costs, economic organization in history, a theory of the state, the free rider problem; and have focused on the formation of political and economic institutions and the consequences of these institutions on the performance of economies through time. That research was published by Cambridge University Press in Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance . His most recent research is set forth in his current book Understanding the Process of Economic Change .

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