Newsletter No. 311

第 311 期 2008 年 1 月 19 日 No. 311 19 January 2008 第三一一期 二零零八年一月十九日 No. 311 19 January 2008 改变扶贫模式 中大生造福山区学子 CUHK Students Bring Hope to Children in Rural China 2005年,建筑学系姜艺思同学参与该系吴恩融教授发起的「无止桥」计划, 为甘肃省一条偏远乡村兴建桥梁,这道桥不但给村民带来渡河之便,更引领 她走上扶贫的路。 一年后,她伙拍同系的严英杰同学,牵头为位于广西贫困山区的红邓屯兴 建新校舍。这个原属他们硕士论文的项目,取名「瑶学行」。替小村落造 就脱贫的机会,也赢得第十届挑战杯特等奖。 In 2005, Kiang Ngai-sze Karen, a student of architecture at CUHK, took part in a project by Prof. Edward Ng in the Department of Architecture to build a bridge for a remote village in China. A year later, Karen initiated her own project on the mainland, jointly with classmate Yim Ying Kit Louis. The objective of the project ‘A School to Learn’ is to build new premises for Hongdeng Primary School in Hongdeng village, one of the poorest villages in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in South-western China. Not only did this final-year project of the Master of Architecture Programme at CUHK bring hope to students in the village, it also won a Special Award at the 10th Challenge Cup. 建 筑学系硕士毕业生姜艺思忆述,参与无止桥 计划后,认识了香港建造业研究学会创办人 杨澍人博士。两年前,杨博士计划协助广西少数民 族兴建学校,姜艺思及严英杰遂随他往广西一行, 顺道物色论文题目。 到了红瑶族聚居的红邓屯,那里绿树青山,梯田层 叠,加上村民热情款待,民风淳朴,使人流连忘 返。他们发现这个九百多人的村落,校舍非常破 旧,只能容纳少数学生,其余孩子每天要徒步到数 公里外的学校上课,沿途山路陡峭,险象环生。两 人便向村长建议,协助当地建校。 该村传统的房子全部用木搭建,以古法入榫,不费一 口钉或水泥,且为吊脚楼,能够防洪,底层又可饲养家 禽。他们利用所学,通过实体模型研究当地榫卯建构 方式,再经过科学计算修正,设计出精简而又具承重 力的木结构模式。由筹款、选址、设计、兴建,到与内 地不同单位对口,事事亲力亲为。 严英杰称:「新校舍的设计,要顾及该村的建筑风 格,又要运用当地现有材料。 此外,还要选用简单的兴建方 法,不能倚靠机器,使村民易 于掌握。」姜艺思补充:「我们 更教村民搭建的方法,这样, 他们将来可自行修葺或兴建 新建筑物,不会因校舍破旧而 荒废了教育,真真正正踏上脱 贫之路。」这个「授人以鱼,不 如授人以渔」的扶贫模式,以 其务实的理念,筹得达五十多 万元的捐款。 两人多次探访该村,并在附近 遍寻木工师傅教授入榫模式, 将技术传予村民;又四处张罗 可用作材料的砖瓦及比较造 价。在偏远的地方筹建工程, 人生路不熟,挑战重重,获益却不少,「这次计划让我们 把在建筑学系所学的东西融会贯通,一一应用,不再是 纸上谈兵。我们要兼顾理论、实用性、村民需要、环境因 素,以及现实限制,整个计划经过 不断修改,才慢慢有了雏型。」严 英杰说。 除了建校,他们也与本地其他 大学生结伴到红邓屯,教授孩 童卫生常识。去年年底已毕业 的姜艺思及严英杰,仍会继续 「瑶学行」的计划,预计校舍于今 年暑假落成。 K aren, a graduating Master’s student in architecture, had made the acquaintance of Dr. Nicolas Yeung, founder of the Construction Industry Institute–Hong Kong, through Prof. Edward Ng’s project. Dr. Yeung had wanted to build a school for the Hong Yao ethnic minority in Guangxi Province, so Karen and Louis accompanied him to Hongdeng village, home to more than 900 Hong Yao people, for a visit. Karen and Louis were stunned by the magnificence of the landscape, the terraced fields, and the villagers’ hospitality. The village school, however, was dilapidated and could only accommodate very few students. Many children had to hike several hours daily along rugged mountain paths to another school miles away. Karen and Louis therefore proposed to the village head to build a new school. The traditional houses in the village are made of wood and raised on stilts to keep them safe (续下页 To be continued )

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