Newsletter No. 398

2 No. 398, 19.5.2012 黄嘉瑜 Wong Ka-yu 2004年新闻与传播学院毕业 NOW新闻及财经资讯台高级记者 2004 graduate, School of Journalism and Communication Senior Reporter, NOW TV (News and Business Information) 守护社会公义的无冕皇帝 A Guardian Angel of Society I n August of 2009, the interviewee on the NOW TV news report, to one’s surprise, was the reporter of that news organization. Ka-yu and a cameraman went to cover the trial of Tan Zuoren, a human rights activist on the mainland, in Chengdu, but were obstructed by the police. They documented the whole process to show how the mainland government restricted the freedom of the press. Ka-yu was dispatched to the mainland branch in early 2008, when it was a fledgling office. She was responsible for covering news stories on the mainland as well as the administrative work of the whole office. ‘I worked like a news editor of the mainland section, deciding which piece of news should be reported and from what angle.’ When talking about her experience there, she described that there was no specific post in the mainland government bureaucracy to take care of the press. It also set many hurdles for interview requests and kept a watchful eye on the Hong Kong media. Sometimes the government officials would interfere with interviews, intercepting phone conversations, or even stalking reporters. ‘If you ask unfavorable questions, trouble may follow.’ ‘Professionalism, independence, determination, being proactive and understanding one’s rights are essential for working while under threat.’ Ka-yu affirmed that the one-year exchange experience equipped her with these qualities. She had won a scholarship from CUHK to go on exchange to the University of California (Irvine) to study political science. Ka-yu was astonished and deeply influenced by the proactiveness, expressiveness and respect for others’ opinions of her foreign classmates. Going on exchange is a precious experience of CUHK students. The undergraduate progamme of the School of Journalism and Communication puts equal emphasis on theoretical and professional training. It requires majors to select courses from the Social Science Faculty to broaden their horizons. Ka-yu believes this consolidates students’ multi- disciplinary knowledge base and analytical thinking from different angles. The school also invited their graduates to share the experience of being front-line journalists. As one of the mentors in the school’s mentorship programme, Ka-yu hopes to share her experience in work and life with the younger generation. Ka-yu is worried about the decline of the freedom of the press. She illustrated with examples: the government may gradually set interview zones to limit the press’s freedom; media investors only run their organizations as a business or exploit it for political advantage. As a result, the coverage may not be neutral and in the interest of the general public, and this in turn will lead to a reduction of the freedom of the press. In Ka-yu’s view, a good journalist should have a critical mind and sensitivity to current issues, be objective, be indignant at the lack of fairness, and should act in the interest of the public. 2 009年8月,NOW新闻台一宗新闻的主角,竟是平日追 访他人的该台记者黄嘉瑜。原来嘉瑜与摄影师到成都 采访维权人士谭作人一案,遭公安阻挠。他们索性将过程 拍下并播出,让公众知道内地箝制新闻自由的手段。 嘉瑜早于2008年开始派驻内地,其时公司的内地办公 室成立不久,她既要发掘新闻故事,又要兼顾办公室行 政,「自己像是小采主,决定做什么新闻,要以什么角度切 入。」 她表示,内地部门没有新闻官制度,政府设下很多访问关 卡,对香港传媒又有戒心,有时会遇上阻挠及截听,甚至 采访后被人跟踪。「若问了一些对方不喜欢的课题,之后 也许会有麻烦。」 在地雷处处的环境工作,必须专业、独立、果断、主动,清 楚自己的权利。在这方面,嘉瑜认为大学期间的一年交流 生活对她大有帮助。当年她凭奖学金远赴美国加州大学 尔湾分校修读政治科学,看到外地学生非常主动、敢于表 达,对其他人的意见又包容,自己也深受感染。 交流生活固然难忘,在中大读书,嘉瑜也得益不少。新传 学院本科课程强调理论与实践结合,更要求学生必修社 会科学院的其他科目,她认为这是思维的扎根,让学生从 不同角度思考同一事件。此外,学院又常邀毕业生回校分 享,使他们更了解前线记者的工作。因此,她现时也加入了 学院的师友计划,与师弟妹分享自己的工作及人生经验, 薪火相传。 谈到新闻行业的前景,嘉瑜感到香港的新闻自由有逐步 倒退的趋势,一方面政府限制前线记者采访,如收窄记者 的采访范围;另一方面,传媒投资者倾向视传媒为一盘生 意,或是操控政治的本钱,报道有时未必以公众利益、理 性分析为依归,这变相亦限制了新闻自由。 嘉瑜心目中成功的记者要有批判思考能力,对时事敏感, 客观报道,并要有为社会打抱不平的心态,从读者的权利 出发。 得奖作品 Award-winning work 《公安阻挠采访谭作人案》 Police Suppression to Report Tan Zuoren’s Trial 优秀的前线传媒工作者,专业独立、主动 求真、胸怀人文精神,这亦是中大全人 教育致力培养的人才素质。中大两名 毕业生 罗淑仪 和 黄嘉瑜 ,分别获得 2011年第五届中大新闻奖的专题组 (电视)大奖,以及新闻报道组(电视) 优异奖。她们把在母校学到的专业知识 和养成的人文品格展现出来,并随着年月 沉淀发酵,散发芬芳,一点一滴影响着社会。 from Seed to Bloom 在社会发酵的 人文精神 Humanistic Spirit 「我会继续透过报道,使观众了解更多 不同阶层和文化的生活和想法,从而更能 包容和更有同理心。」 ‘I believe through media, the public can know about the views of different social strata and different races, and will learn to value others’ thinking and put themselves in others’ shoes.’