Newsletter No. 476

2 476 • 19.4.2016 特写 Feature 结合中港台优势 揭社会研究新章 Cross-strait Synergies in Social Sciences 中文大学于去年底分别与中国科学院(中科院)及 台湾国立成功大学(成大)合作,成立了中大-中 科院心理研究所生物社会心理学联合实验室及正 向社会科学联合研究中心,开辟社会科学研究的 新路向。 先天胜后天? Nature over Nurture? 「愈 来愈多的研究显示,除成长和生活环境外,人的行 为和心理亦会受生物因素影响,如遗传基因,或是 母亲怀孕期间受到感染。」兼任生物社会心理学联合实验室 主任的中大心理学系系主任 梁永亮 教授说。 「举例说,研究证实基因变异会较易诱发抑郁症及反社会 型人格障碍。不过,后天的社会环境如适当的家庭及学校教 育,会有助建立保护墙,加强抗逆能力。联合实验室的成立 便是探讨生物因素及与社会互动对人类认知、行为、思想的 影响,特别是在华人社会。」 梁教授表示,中大与中科院心理研究所的合作交流历史匪 浅,早于 张妙清 教授出掌心理学系年间已打下牢固根基。 「国家近年投入大量资源于科研项目,中科院心理研究所发 展更是突飞猛进,不但有一支逾一百五十人的研究团队,研究 对象更是数量庞大。中大教研人员专研课题多元化,且有海外 科研单位联系网络,两者合作定会产生更大的协同效应。」 他说:「联合实验室已定下三个主要研究重点,分别是读写能 力及语言习得、青少年精神健康及长者认知与情绪。相关研 究已经开展,我们亦会交换学生,让他们汲取实况经验。」 梁永亮教授 ‘R esearch increasingly suggests that apart from one’s growing and living environments, human behaviour and psychology are also influenced by biological factors such as DNA and the infections of one’s mother during pregnancy,’ said Prof. Leung Wing-leung Patrick , c hairman of CUHK’s Department of Psychology and director of the joint laboratory. ‘For instance, research has proven that one is more predisposed to depression and antisocial personality disorder triggered by genetic variations. However, the influences of one’s acquired social environment, such as the right parental and school education, can help build a protective buffer and strengthen resilience. The joint laboratory has been established to explore the impact of biological factors and social interactions on human cognition, behaviour and thoughts, especially in Chinese societies.’ According to Professor Leung, the history of CUHK-CAS collaborations and exchanges dates back to the times when Prof. Fanny M.C. Cheung was chairperson of the Department of Psychology. The recent inauguration of the joint laboratory has taken the collaboration to a new level. ‘China has invested massive resources in scientific research over the years. Correspondingly, CAS’s Institute of Psychology has seen very rapid developments. Not only does it have a 150-strong research team, the number of the research target groups it deals with is extremely large. At CUHK, our teaching and research staff engage in the study of diverse topics and are in contact with a network of research units abroad. This collaborative effort will certainly generate a greater synergy.’ Professor Leung said, ‘The joint laboratory has designated three major areas of research: reading and writing abilities and language acquisition; the mental health of the teens; and the cognition and emotions of senior citizens. Individual projects have commenced. We will also exchange students to equip them with practical experience.’ Prof. Leung Wing-leung Patrick Two collaborations herald a new direction for the region’s social science research. In partnership with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), CUHK established the CUHK- Institute of Psychology (IP) CAS Joint Laboratory on Biosocial Psychology last December. At about the same time, it also partnered with the National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) to set up the CUHK–NCKU Joint Research Centre for Positive Social Science. Photo by ISO staff